“This Time to Increase Your Score and Prepare the Strategy”
In this section of the test you will have an opportunity to demonstrate your ability to understand conversations and talks in English. There are three parts to this section with special directions for each part. Answer all the question on the basis of what is stated or implied by the speakers in this test. When you take the actual TOEFL test, you will not be allowed to take notes or write on your test book. Try to work on practice test in the same way.
1. A. He makes a lot of money
B. He has just been left some money
C. He doesn’t believe three hundred dollars is enough
D. He can’t afford to spend that much
2. A. He knows what is wrong with the watch
B. The woman doesn’t need to buy another battery
C. The woman should get a new watch
D. The jewelry store can probably repair the woman’s watch
3. A. He has another meeting to attend on that day
B. He’s available either day
C. He can’t attend a two-day conference
D. Not everybody will go to the same meeting
Structure & Written
The structure and written expression is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.
Part A: Structure
Directions : Question 1-3 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see for words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). You are to choose one word or phrase that best complete the sentence.
The swimming instructor came… if the apartment was still available.
A. to see
D. for seeing
The sentence should be read “The swimming instructor came to see if the apartment was still available.” Therefore, you should choose A.
Now begin work on the questions.
1. The committee has met twice and ….
A. they reached a final decision
B. a final decision was reached
C. its decision was reached
D. it has reached a final decision
2. The manager won’t be able to attend the shareholders’ meeting tomorrow because….
A. he must to give a lecture
B. he will be giving a lecture
C. of he will give lecture
D. he will have giving a lecture
3. Brenda’s score on the test is the highest in class.
A. She should study hard last night.
B. She should have studied hard last night.
C. She must have studied hard last night.
D. She had to study hard last night
Part B: Written Expression
Directions : In question 16-40, each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), (D). Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct.
Look the examples.
Brenda must have called her brother last night, but she arrived home too late to call him.
A B C D
The sentence should be read “Brenda should have called her brother last night, but she arrived home too late to call him.” Therefore, you should choose A.
Now begin work on the questions.
4. If you buy one box at the regular price, you would receive another one at no extra cost.
A B C D
5. Located in the cranial cavity in the skull, the brain is the larger mass of nerve tissue in the human
A B C D
6. Professor Duncan recommended that we are present at the reception this afternoon in order to
A B C
meet the representatives from the Ford Foundation.
Questions 1 through 5 are based on the following passage.
Lichens, of which more than twenty thousand species have been named, are complex associations between certain algae. The lichen itself is not an organism: rather it is the morphological and biochemical product of the association. Neither a fungus nor an alga alone can produce lichen. The intimate relationship between these two living components of lichen was once erroneously though to represent mutualism. In mutual relationships, both participants benefit. With lichens, however, it appears the fungus actually parasitizes the algae. This is one of the conclusions drawn from experiments in which the two components of lichens were separated and grown apart. In nature, lichen fungi may encounter and grow around several kinds of algae. Some types of algae the fungi may kill; other types it may reject. Lichen algae are autotrophic, meaning they make their own food through photosynthesis. Lichen fungi are heterotrophic, meaning they depend upon the algae within the lichen to supply their food. Up to ninety percent of than food made by the green alga cell is transferred to the fungus. What, if anything, the fungus
contributes to the association is not well understood. Lichens are hardly. The grow in many habitats and are often pioneers in hostile environments where few other organisms can flourish. They have been known to grow endolithic ally, having been discovered thriving inside of rocks in Antarctica. Lichen help reduce erosion by stabilizing soil. Several kinds of insects glue lichens to their exoskeletons for camouflage. Many species of birds use lichens as building materials for nests. Human have used lichens for dyes and antibiotics.
1. Which of the following best describes lichen association?
A. Simple plants made of two different autotrophic organism.
B. A mutual association between a fungus and an alga
C. A parasitic association between two fungi, one autotrophic, the second autotrophic
D. A union between a parasitic fungus and an autotrophic alga
2. The word “hardly” in line 12 is closest in meaning to
3. In Biology, mutualism occurs when two different organism live close together and
A. One organism parasitizes the other
B. Both organism benefit from the association
C. Both organism are harmed by the association
D. One organism benefits while the other does not or is harmed by the association
4. In line 3, the word “intimate” is nearest in meaning to
5. Lichen serves as camouflage for which of the following?